In 1968 the US nuclear submarine the
Scorpion disappeared in the Atlantic with 99 hands. No one could find it -
even after months of searching. In an effort to locate the submarine, Dr
John Craven a US Navy scientist assembled a group of experts from various
naval fields. Each of these people only had tiny pieces of information to
base their work on. The only incentive they had was a bottle of whisky!
They narrowed down the location of the submarine to with 220 yards. This
was based on not one member of the group's work but rather from an
aggregation of all their predictions. As a group, the whole knew the
answer. No one person had all the knowledge.
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